Dog vaccinations are preventive measures that involve administering vaccines to dogs to stimulate their immune system and provide protection against specific diseases. When a dog receives a vaccine, their immune system recognises these harmless pathogens and produces an immune response, including the production of antibodies. These antibodies help fight off the actual disease-causing pathogens if the dog is exposed to them in the future. It is important for both puppies and dogs to be vaccinated. Even though your dog may have been vaccinated as a puppy, the vaccine only last for a certain amount of time and then they will need to be vaccinated again.

Puppy Vaccinations and Adult Dog Vaccinations

Puppy vaccinations and adult dog vaccinations serve the same purpose of providing protection against infectious diseases. However, there are some differences in their administration and schedules:

Puppy Vaccinations:

  • Initial Vaccination Series: Puppies receive a series of vaccinations starting at around 6-8 weeks of age. These initial vaccinations help build their immune system and protect them against common diseases.
  • Core Vaccinations: Core vaccines for puppies typically include vaccines against canine distemper, canine parvovirus, canine adenovirus, and rabies. These are considered essential for all puppies and are usually given in a series of doses, with intervals of 2-4 weeks between each dose.
  • Boosters: Puppies require booster shots to ensure long-lasting immunity. Boosters are given at specific intervals, usually up until the puppy reaches 16-20 weeks of age. The exact schedule may vary depending on the specific vaccine and our recommendations.

Adult Dog Vaccinations:

  • Core Vaccinations: Adult dogs require regular booster shots for core vaccines to maintain their immunity. The frequency of booster vaccinations varies depending on factors such as the vaccine used, local regulations, and our advice.
  • Non-Core Vaccinations: Some non-core vaccines, such as those for Bordetella (kennel cough), Leptospirosis, or Lyme disease, may be recommended for adult dogs based on their lifestyle, geographic location, or risk of exposure.
  • Titers Testing: In some cases, instead of automatically giving booster shots, we may recommend titers testing for certain diseases. This involves checking the dog’s antibody levels to assess their immunity. If the titers are sufficient, additional vaccinations may be unnecessary.

How to Care for your Dog Following Vaccination

After your dog has received vaccinations, it’s important to provide appropriate care to ensure their well-being. Here are some essential after-vaccination care tips for your dog:

  • Monitor for Adverse Reactions: While most dogs tolerate vaccinations well, some may experience mild side effects such as soreness at the injection site, lethargy, or a slight decrease in appetite. Monitor your dog closely for any unusual reactions or signs of distress. If you notice severe or persistent symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea, difficulty breathing, or swelling, contact us immediately.
  • Keep Them Calm and Comfortable: Give your dog a calm and quiet environment after vaccinations. Limit physical activity, exercise, and strenuous play for a day or two to allow their body to recover. Avoid exposing them to stressful situations or extreme temperatures.
  • Offer Water and Food: Ensure that your dog has access to fresh water at all times. Some dogs may have a temporary decrease in appetite after vaccinations. If your dog doesn’t eat their regular meal immediately after vaccination, you can try offering a small portion of their favourite food or treats to encourage eating.
  • Prevent Excessive Licking or Scratching: Your dog may experience temporary itching or discomfort at the injection site. Discourage them from licking or scratching the area to prevent irritation or infection. If necessary, you can use an Elizabethan collar (cone) to prevent them from accessing the site.
  • Maintain Routine Care: Continue providing regular care for your dog, including proper nutrition, exercise, grooming, and preventive measures against fleas, ticks, and parasites. Vaccinations protect against specific diseases, but it’s important to maintain overall health and well-being.
  • Follow Vaccination Schedule: Stay up to date with your dog’s vaccination schedule as recommended by us. Vaccinations often require booster shots at specific intervals to maintain immunity. Keep track of vaccination records and schedule appointments accordingly.
  • Report Any Changes to Us: If you notice any changes in your dog’s behaviour, appetite, or overall health after vaccinations, please inform us. We can provide guidance and address any concerns you may have.

Infectious Diseases in Dogs that we Vaccinate Against

Canine Parvovirus

Canine Parvovirus, commonly known as parvo, is a highly contagious viral disease that affects dogs, particularly puppies and unvaccinated dogs. It is caused by the canine parvovirus t